The circular part of the building or rotunda was entranced via two bronze doors measuring 12 x 7.5 metres (those of today are ancient but not original). The porch measures 33.1 x 13.6 metres and presents a front colonnade of eight Corinthian columns 11.8 metres high. The third Pantheon was probably begun in the reign of Trajan (98-117 CE) but not finally finished until around 125 CE when Hadrian was emperor, who often convened the Roman Senate there. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. and its sculptural compositions were completed in 432 B.C. The third and final Pantheon, built after the fire of 110, was started under Trajan, possibly designed by Apollodorus of Damascus, and finished by Hadrian in 125. Pantheon, building in Rome that was begun in 27 BC by the statesman Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, probably as a building of the ordinary Classical temple style. The Pantheon has been in use since the time it was built. 24. The Pantheon, the most complete ancient building in Rome, Italy was built as a temple to all of the gods who were worshiped at the time. It has a decorative red porphyry frieze and cornice and is flanked by two Corinthian marble columns of Phrygian purple. Directed by the Athenian statesman Pericles, the Parthenon was built by the architects Ictinus and Callicrates under the supervision of the sculptor Phidias. We can reconstruct confidently the original appearance of many a monument, The monolithic column shafts are in Mons Claudianus and Aswan grey granite with the bases and capitals in white Pentelic marble. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Although it was restored in Severan times, most of the building is Hadrianic. Cartwright, Mark. The first was destroyed by fire in 80 CE and the second was struck by lightning in 110 CE and again burned down. The whole building stands on a 1.3 metres high base which originally extended a further 7 metres in front of the colonnade. The Panthéon was built between 1764 and 1790, firstly designed by Jacques Germain Soufflot and later by Jean Baptiste Rondelet. Until modern times, the dome was the largest built, measuring about 142 feet (43 metres) in diameter and rising to a height of 71 feet (22 metres) above its base. Written by Mark Cartwright, published on 09 April 2018 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. The term ‘pan’ means all and ‘theon’ means the gods in Greek. Pantheon. A temple to all the gods is a Pantheon, which means “all gods” (pan= all, theon=of the gods, in Greek). Then, in A.D. 126, Roman Emperor Hadrian completely rebuilt the Pantheon into the Roman architectural icon we know today. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. "Pantheon." (with every refinement they restored the Pantheum, worn by age). Learn more about Pantheon's abilities, skins, or even ask your own questions to the community! Cite This Work In contrast to the plain appearance of the outside, the interior of the building is lined with coloured marble, and the walls are marked by seven deep recesses, screened by pairs of columns whose modest size gives scale to the immensity of the rotunda. The purpose of the building is not known for certain but the name, porch and pediment decoration suggest a temple of some sort. In 1270 CE a bell tower was added to the porch roof and later removed. In 80 A.D. the pantheon burned to the ground. Interior of the Pantheon, Rome, oil on canvas by Giovanni Paolo Pannini, 1732. M3 - Chapter Before the Parthenon was built, the residents of Athens worshipped at an older structure referred to as the Older Parthenon. 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